Pea, scientifically known as Pisum Sativum, is a green-colored pod-shaped vegetable belonging to the legume family. Though botanically a fruit, it is one of the few members (others being chickpeas, lentils, and beans) from the legume family that is commonly sold and cooked as vegetables. Experts believe that, since peas have been cultivated for thousands of years, they are widely recognized as one of the first crops to be cultivated by humans.
Today, peas are widely grown around the world as a reasonable crop and are generally of three types: green peas, snow peas, and snap peas, and are consumed in both fresh and dried forms. Since peas are high in vitamins, minerals, proteins, fiber; they are widely and frequently used as ingredients in pies, salads, casseroles, soups, stew with meat and potatoes, and many others.
The section that follows will feature a detailed chart on the nutritional value of peas along with the health benefits of having them in a regular diet.
Peas Nutritional Facts
Amount of Pea: 1 cup (raw)
Total Weight of Pea: 145 g
|Calories from Carbohydrates||85.3|
|Calories from Fats||4.9|
|Calories from Proteins||27.3|
|Total Carbohydrates||21 g|
|Dietary Fiber||7.4 g|
|Fats & Fatty Acids|
|Total Fat||0.6 g|
|Saturated Fat||0.1 g|
|Monounsaturated Fat||0.1 g|
|Polyunsaturated Fat||0.3 g|
|Total Omega-3 Fatty Acids||50.8 mg|
|Total Omega-6 Fatty Acids||220 mg|
|Vitamin A||1109 IU|
|Vitamin C||58 mg|
|Vitamin E||02. mg|
|Vitamin K||36 mcg|
|Vitamin B6||0.2 mg|
|Pantothenic Acid||0.2 mg|
Health Benefits of Peas
- Peas are a rich source of phytonutrients and flavonoids such as carotenes, lutein, and zeaxanthin; all of which possess antioxidant properties that neutralize the free radicals in the body and are known to cause direct damage to the arteries by building up cholesterol in the artery walls. The antioxidants prevent this from happening and thereby reduce the risk of atherosclerosis, stroke, heart diseases, and arthritis.
- The iron, copper, manganese, and magnesium content present in peas help in transporting oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Regular consumption of pea is necessary for the healthy formation of the red blood cells, which in turn may lower the risk of anemia.
- Peas contain good amounts of both soluble and insoluble fiber that not only help maintain healthy digestive health by preventing constipation, but also helps lower the cholesterol level, other gastrointestinal diseases, and risk of cancer. They are also low on calories as compared to beans and keep the weight in check.
- Fresh peas are an excellent source of folate and are required for DNA synthesis inside the cells. And a consistent folate-rich diet intake in expectant mothers helps lower the risk of neural birth defects in newborn babies.
- Peas are also a good source of Vitamin K that is known to be an important compound for building bone mass by promoting osteotropic activity in the bone, thereby reducing the risk of osteoporosis.
- Lutein, a carotenoid found in peas is known to reduce the risk of age-related macular degeneration and cataracts. Also, the vitamin A content in peas promote a healthy vision, maintain healthy mucus membranes, and skin.
- In addition to these nutrients, peas are also rich in many other essential macros and micronutrients such as pantothenic acid, niacin, thiamin, pyridoxine, calcium, copper, zinc, and manganese, along with carbohydrates and proteins which provide the necessary energy to get through the day.
The nutritional value of peas and the subsequent health benefits speak volumes about the positives of making peas a part of your regular diet.